California State Trees
Coast Redwood (common name)
Giant Sequoia (common name)
Sequoiadendron giganteum (scientific name)
California redwood was designated the official state tree of California by the state legislature in 1937. Once common throughout the Northern Hemisphere, redwoods are found only on the Pacific Coast. Many groves and stands of the towering trees are preserved in state and national parks and forests.
There are actually two genera of this tree: coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) and giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum). Both are the state trees of California. The coast redwoods are the tallest trees in the world; one reaching over 379 feet tall grows in Redwood National and State Parks. One giant sequoia, the General Sherman Tree in Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Park, is over 274 feet high and more than 102 feet in circumference at its base; it is widely considered to be the world's largest tree in overall volume.
Coast Redwood has a lifespan of over 200 years, and Giant Sequoia can live for over 2,000 years.
Coast redwoods live along the foggy coast range, where they thrive in mild weather and rainfall up to 120 inches per year. Giant sequoias grow on the west side of the Sierra Nevada Mountains, a much drier habitat.
Type: sexual and asexual
Age at first seed production: 5-15 years
Seed maturity: 18-20 months (typically remain green and closed for up to 20 years)
Viability of seed: 15 percent
Pollination: late winter
Click to enlarge an image
The California State Library
U.S. National Arboretum
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Author: World Trade Press