American Samoa Territorial Fish
Humpback Wrasse (common name)
Cheilinus undulatus(scientific name)
One of the largest reef fishes, the greenish-blue humpback wrasse is distinguished by its size, its thick lips, and a prominent hump on its forehead. Males are larger than females. Using its tough teeth, this very large wrasse can consume hard-shelled species.
Length: Up to 6 ft (1.8 m)
Weight: Up to 190 lbs (86 kg)
Up to 30 years
Adults forage on the reef during the day and rest in reef caves and under coral ledges in the evening. They inhabit particular territories of outer reef slopes and drop-offs up to 330 feet (100 m) in depth.
Range: The Indian Ocean and South Pacific from Egypt to Mozambique and Japan to Australia.
Water type: Saltwater
Water temp: 79–86°F (26–30°C)
Conservation Status: Endangered. Threatened by the live fish trade, commercial fishing, and the degradation of coral reef habitats from pollution, sediment, and global warming. Conservation efforts are underway in the Marianas Archipelago, and commercial fishing bans are widespread.
Fish (including boxfish), clams, sea urchins, sea hares, and starfish (including the notorious crown of thorns starfish, which is very large and covered with venomous spines).
Spawning frequency: Year-round, coinciding with phases of the tidal cycle.
Mating behavior: : Distinct pairing but pairs spawn together as parts of communal groups of up to 100 individual fish.
Egg laying: Spawns in warm ocean currents and eggs sink to the ocean floor. Adults do not guard the eggs or young.
Commercial fish, aquarium fish.
Napoleon wrasse, Napoleon fish, giant wrasse, Maori wrasse, undulate wrasse, truck wrasse, humphead.
Click to enlarge an image
|Raw Data Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service|
Author: World Trade Press