Arizona State Bird
Cactus Wren (common name)
Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus (scientific name)
The cactus— wren is a small bird with speckled brown, black, and white feathers on its back, wings, and head, and a buff belly with brown spots. It has long legs and a long, slightly curved bill. It was named the Arizona state bird in 1931 because there are more cactus wrens in Arizona than anywhere else in the country and because the cactus is an emblematic symbol of the state. The cactus wren primarily eats ants, beetles, grasshoppers, caterpillars, and wasps. Occasionally, it will also eat seeds, fruit, and small frogs or lizards. Its scientific name means "curved beak," and it uses its beak to uncover prey under leaves and ground cover. This very noisy bird will aggressively defend its nest by screeching at intruders. Pairs breed multiple times during the year; at some points, the male wren will care for the young in one nest while the female is incubating the next clutch of eggs in another.
ALSO KNOWN AS
Yucatan cactus wren, Yucatan wren
The cactus wren is well adapted to desert climates. It is an active and inquisitive bird that forages for food very methodically, searching under leaves and other ground litter.
Arid brush, deserts, desert thickets, and areas with yucca, mesquite, and large cactuses, especially the cholla.
Range: Southwestern U.S. (southern Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah) to the Yucatan in Central Mexico.
Conservation Status: Least Concern (LC)
Nesting Period: Early March-July
Size of Clutch: 3-5 eggs
Incubation Period: 6-8 days
Egg Description: Dark rusty-brown crown
Egg Size: 7-8.5 in (177-215 mm)
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|Author: World Trade Press|