13 Şubat 2013 Çarşamba

New York State Flower

New York State Flower

Rose (common name)
(scientific name)


Though discussion of a state flower for New York was underway in the 1890s, the rose was not designated as such until 1955. No particular reason was given, and no specific variety was specified. Most cultivated roses originated in Asia. Rose plants are usually shrubs, though climbing roses with vine-like branches exist. Height varies a lot between varieties. The flowers may be single, usually with five heart-shaped petals around a cluster of yellow stamens. Tea roses and old-fashioned varieties, however, are often many-petaled. Red, white, and pink are the most common colors, though yellow, orangey shades, and lavender to bluish colors also exist.
Leaves are pointed with slightly serrated edges. Branches are thin, straight, and often very thorny, though hybrids with few thorns exist. The shrubs normally grow from a single trunk that gets thicker with age, occasionally up to 2–2.5 in (5–6 cm) thick. The trunk and older branches are covered with gray-brown bark. New twigs are normally mid-green and flexible. Wild or old-fashioned roses often produce round, red hips full of small tan seeds after blooming, though hybrid varieties may be sterile. Most New York roses grow in gardens, and most gardeners prefer to cut the flowers after they bloom to encourage the plants to row rather than allowing them to set seed.


Duration: Perennial
Plant: Shrub
Mature Height: 2–10 ft (.6–3 m)
Flowering: June
Flowers: 1–5 in (2.5–12.7 cm) wide single or double with five to many heart-shaped or teardrop-shaped petals
Flower Color: Various
Leaves: .5–2.5 in (1.3–6.3 cm) long, pointed, serrated deep green with a much lighter underside
Fruit/Seed Color: red/tan
Location: Well-drained, sunny locations with moderately rich soil.
Range: Cultivated worldwide. With care, roses can grow outdoors from the far north almost to the tropics. They need at least three to four frost-free months in colder climates. In hot climates, they do better in areas with moderate to low humidity.
  • The rose is also the U.S. national floral emblem.
  • Though roses are rarely consumed in New York today, pesticide-free roses are normally edible. The petals can be candied with egg white and sugar or sprinkled over desserts plain. Rose hips have long been used in making jams and syrups. The leaves are a favorite with bakers who decorate cakes with chocolate leaves, because the smooth, veined rose leaf can be used to produce a pretty, recognizable chocolate leaf.

Click to enlarge an image
State Flower
State Flower
Rose Bush
State Flower
Close-up of Rose 
State Flower
Rose Hips

Author: World Trade Press

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