Northern Mariana Islands Territorial Bird
Mariana Fruit Dove (common name)
Ptilinopus roseicapilla (scientific name)
The Mariana fruit dove is a small pigeon with a gray head and breast, green upper body, orange belly, grayish green bill, and gray feet. The bird also has a distinct pinkish-red crown. Its diet primarily consists of various fruit including papaya, figs, and inkberry, as well as seeds and insects. The fruit dove was adopted as the official bird of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in 1989.
ALSO KNOWN AS
Pink-capped fruit-dove, rose-capped fruit-dove, green fruit-dove
The Mariana fruit dove has a relatively small territory but will move within that territory to follow the ripening of the fruit on various trees. They are shy birds, and are more often heard than seen. The female usually lays her egg in a platform of loosely woven twigs and tendrils nestled in the fork of a tree, six to 20 feet (2–6 m) above the ground. The bird’s call is a loud, repeated "hoo coo" that becomes faster and ends as a rapid "coo coo coo coo coo." Courtship rituals involve the male bowing repeatedly to the female. Both the chick and egg are tended by both parents.
Sub-tropical and dry rainforest, moist eucalyptus forests, and swamp forests where there are good supplies of fruit.
Range: The lowland rainforests of Guam and Northern Marianan islands of Rota, Tinian, Saipan, and Agiguan.
Conservation Status: Least concern (LC). Threatened in some parts of Australia due to habitat destruction.
Nesting Period: November to April
Size of Clutch: 1 egg
Incubation Period: 17 days
Egg Description: White
Egg Size: 2.3 in (6 cm)
Wompoo pigeon, purple-crowned pigeon, superb fruit dove, rose-crowned fruit dove
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|Author: World Trade Press|