2 Nisan 2013 Salı

Rhode Island State Flower

Rhode Island State Flower

Violet (common name)
Viola sororia 
(scientific name)


As in many states, Rhode Island's choice of state flower was made by schoolchildren, who did so in 1897. Violets became an unofficial state emblem, and were used in Arbor Day celebrations in state schools. It wasn’t until 1968 that the General Assembly passed a bill designating Viola palmata the official state flower. The plant’s official name has since been changed to Viola sororia. Viola sororia grows from rhizomes. Early in spring, the green, heart-shaped leaves emerge, one leaf per stem, usually growing in a circle. Later, buds form on separate stems that rise above the leaves. The flowers have five petals. The two petals point upwards, more or less next to each other. Two others extend outwards, one on each side. The bottom petal points downward.
Flowers are almost always purple with white to yellow mottled centers, though all-white flowers sometimes occur in the wild. Later in the summer, violets produce flowers that don’t open and remain hidden under the plant’s leaves. They pollinate themselves and later scatter the seeds, from which new plants can grow. Violets can also spread through their rhizomes. When conditions are favorable, plants can cover the ground, each forming a mat up to 50 cm wide. Most violets grow in the woods in places where there’s plenty of moisture and at least some shade.


Duration: Perennial
Plant: Rosette of smooth, scalloped-edged leaves; thin, straight, unbranched stems
Mature Height: 4 in (10 cm)
Flowering: March through June
Flowers: .75 in (2 cm) wide, 5 petals, yellow or white freckled center
Flower Color: Purple
Leaves: 1.2 in (3 cm wide), heart-shaped, mid-green, deeply veined
Fruit/Seed Color: : Brown
Location: Any partly shaded, slightly moist location.
Range: Eastern and central U.S. and into Canada, westward through North Dakota and south through Texas.
  • Though many types of violets are fragrant, Viola sororia has no scent. Both the flowers and leaves are edible, however, and can be used in salads or to decorate desserts. 
  • In the wild, rabbits and deer sometimes eat the plants. Many woodland birds like to feed on the seeds, and wild turkeys will dig up the plants to get at the roots.

Click to enlarge an image
State Flower
State Flower
Cluster of Violet
State Flower
Close-up of Violet

Species:V. sororia
Author: World Trade Press

Hiç yorum yok:

Yorum Gönder