This report combines key results from two investigative efforts—an online, national survey of outdoor arts festivals and seven case studies—to examine the range and variety of arts festivals in the U.S., the artists they employ, the communities they serve, and the roles they play in our cities, towns, and neighborhoods. The survey collected, for the first time, comprehensive data on a large cross-section of U.S. arts festivals, including information about audiences, arts programming, budgets, and operating structure. October 2010 85 pp.
#51. LIVE FROM YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD: A NATIONAL STUDY OF OUTDOOR ARTS FESTIVALS, VOL 2: SEVEN CASE STUDIES
This report is based on seven case studies that complement data from an online, national survey of outdoor arts festivals. The case studies offer a rich perspective on seven distinctive festivals, their sponsoring organizations, and their artists, volunteers, and audiences. October 2010 52 pp.
#50. AUDIENCE 2.0: HOW TECHNOLOGY INFLUENCES ARTS PARTICIPATION
This report describes the demographic characteristics of U.S. adults that participated in the arts (such as concerts, plays, and dance performances) via electronic media (e.g., TV, radio, computers and portable media devices) in 2008, based on the Survey of Public Participation in the Arts (SPPA). Separately, the report examines broad categories of arts participation via Internet. The report also investigates factors contributing to the likelihood of some Americans experiencing art through media. Finally, the report considers the relationship between media-based arts activities and other types of arts participation, such as live attendance and personal arts creation. June 2010. 146 pp.
#49. 2008 SURVEY OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN THE ARTS
This report describes U.S. adult arts participation in 2008. It shows attendance at live arts events (such as concerts, plays, and dance performances), as well as the number and percentage of adults visiting art museums and reading literature. The survey also investigates arts participation through broadcast and recorded media, the Internet, and personal participation such as singing in choirs or making photographs. In addition, the report discusses demographic and geographic differences in arts participation, compares 2008 rates to those found in 1982, 1992, and 2002, and summarizes 2008 results by art form. November 2009. 93 pp.
Artists in the Workforce: 1990-2005 is the first nationwide look at artists' demographic and employment patterns in the 21st century. Artists in the Workforce analyzes working artist trends, gathering new statistics from the U.S. Census Bureau to provide a comprehensive overview of this workforce segment and its maturation over the past 30 years, along with detailed information on specific artist occupations. June 2008. 148 pp.
#47. TO READ OR NOT TO READ: A QUESTION OF NATIONAL CONSEQUENCE.
This report is a new and comprehensive analysis of reading patterns of children, teenagers, and adults in the United States. To Read or Not To Read assembled data on reading trends from more than 40 sources, including federal agencies, universities, foundations, and associations. The compendium expands the investigation of the NEA's landmark 2004 report, Reading at Risk, and reveals recent declines in voluntary reading and test scores alike, exposing trends that have severe consequences for American society. November 2007. 100 pp.
#46. READING AT RISK: A SURVEY OF LITERARY READING IN AMERICA
This report presents the results from the literature segment of the Survey of Public Participation in the Arts, conducted by the Census Bureau in 2002 at the NEA's request. The survey asked more than 17,000 adults if during the previous 12 months they had read any novels, short stories, poetry or plays in their leisure time, that were not required for work or school. The report extrapolates and interprets data on literary reading and compares them with results from similar surveys carried out in 1982 and 1992. July 2004. 60 pp.
#45. 2002 SURVEY OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN THE ARTS.
This report describes U.S. adult arts participation in 2002. It shows attendance at live arts events (such as concerts, plays, and dance performances), as well as the number and percentage of adults visiting art museums and reading literature. The survey also investigates arts participation through broadcast and recorded media, the Internet, and personal participation such as singing in choirs or making photographs. In addition, the report discusses demographic and geographic differences in arts participation, and compares 2002 rates to those found in 1982 and 1992. March 2004. 70 pp.
#44. RAISING THE BARRE: THE GEOGRAPHIC, FINANCIAL, AND ECONOMIC TRENDS OF NONPROFIT DANCE COMPANIES.
This study uses newly available data to examine trends in the nonprofit dance field. Spanning the decade of the late 1980s through the late 1990s, the report looks at factors such as growth in the number of dance companies, geographic concentration, and financial aspects such as the importance of ticket sales and the effects of the 1990-1991 recession. The analysis also investigates the role the National Endowment for the Arts plays in leveraging funding for dance companies. August 2003. 44pp.
#43. CHANGING THE BEAT: A STUDY OF THE WORKLIFE OF JAZZ MUSICIANS.
This study examines the worklife of jazz musicians in New York, Detroit, San Francisco and New Orleans. Information from jazz artists using 2 different survey sampling methodologies - respondent-driven-sampling and a random sample of musician union members - are analyzed and discussed. 2003.
Based on the Survey of Public Participation in the Arts conducted in 1982, 1992, and 1997, this study examines the aging of arts audiences and the role that age plays in predicting arts attendance. This report looks at trends in the average age of arts audiences and follows the participation rates of birth cohorts (e.g., the "Great Depression" cohort and early-baby boomers) across the survey years. In addition, the study uses regression analysis to suggest that age (in-and-of itself) is not the most important factor in determining arts attendance. Among several economic and demographic variables analyzed, education is the best predictor of arts participation. Peterson, Richard A., Pamela C. Hull, and Roger M. Kern. 72pp. ISBN 0-929765-86-9. Paper $11.95 Available from Seven Locks Press; P.O. Box 25689; Santa Ana, CA 92799. Telephone: 714-545-2526 or 1-800-354-5348.
#41. THE GEOGRAPHY OF PARTICIPATION IN THE ARTS AND CULTURE
This report uses data from the 1997 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts to investigate geographic variations in participation rates in arts and culture. The report presents analyses for nine regional divisions and 10 highly populated states and covers topics such as arts participation through attendance at live events, participation through media (such as radio broadcasts), and personal involvement through artistic creation. The report also addresses demographic factors (e.g., education and population density) as possible explanations for geographic differences in arts participation. Schuster, J. Mark. 182 pp. ISBN 0-929765-87-7. Paper $10.95 Available from Seven Locks Press; P.O. Box 25689; Santa Ana, CA 92799. Telephone: 714-545-2526 or 1-800-354-5348.
#40. MORE THAN ONCE IN A BLUE MOON: MULTIPLE JOBHOLDINGS BY AMERICAN ARTISTS
An in-depth examination of artists' employment, specifically multiple jobholding or moonlighting, over three decades with comparisons to other professional occupations. The principal data source used is the Current Population Survey, a national Census Bureau survey sponsored by the Bureau of Labor Statistics -- with highlights from smaller, artist-focused surveys included. Alper, Wassall. 145 pp. ISBN 0-929765-85-0. Paper. $11.95. Available from Seven Locks Press; P.O. Box 25689; Santa Ana, CA 92799. Telephone -- 714/545-2526 or 1-800/354-5348.
#39. 1997 SURVEY OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN THE ARTS: SUMMARY REPORT
This report describes the results of the 1997 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts (SPPA). In addition to attendance at arts activities and participation through broadcast and recorded media, the report covers geographic and demographic differences in participation, arts socialization, music preferences and other leisure activities as well as background information on the history of the SPPA and changes introduced in 1997. February 1999. 99 pp.