Georgia State Fish
Largemouth Bass (common name)
Micropterus salmoides (scientific name)
The largemouth bass is highly prized as a sport fish for its size and fighting ability. It lives in clear, quiet, vegetation-rich waters, favoring water shallower than 2.5 meters. Abundant vegetation provides protection against predators and also harbors prey, which the bass ambushes from spots where it lies in wait.
This fish was designated the official state fish of Georgia in 1970. The largemouth bass is also the state fish of Alabama and Mississippi, the state freshwater fish of Florida, and the state sport fish of Tennessee.
Length: Up to 21 in (53 cm)
Weight: Up to 25 lbs (11 kg)
Up to 15 years
Range: Its native range runs north as far as Hudson Bay, west to the Rockies, and south through Florida and into northern Mexico. Its introduced range includes areas of the U.K., Europe, Russia, the Middle East, North Africa, the western half of the continental U.S., Caribbean territories, South America, Asia, Southeast Asia, Hawaii, Mauritius, Madagascar, Fiji, Guam, New Caledonia and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
Water type: Freshwater
Water temp: 68-72°F
Conservation Status: Least Concern
Younger largemouth consume mostly small baitfish, amphipods, and insects. Adults consume smaller fish, crawfish, frogs, snakes, salamanders, bats and even small water birds, mammals, and baby alligators. In larger lakes and reservoirs, adult bass occupy deeper water than younger fish and shift to a diet consisting almost entirely of smaller fish like shad, trout, ciscoes, shiners, and sunfish. Prey can be as large as 25 to 35% of the bass' body length.
Spawning frequency: Once each year
Mating behavior: Distinct pairing
Egg laying: Female will lay 2,000–7,000 eggs either in one nest or in several nests.
Extremely popular sport fish
Wide mouth bass, bigmouth, black bass, bucket mouth, Florida bass, Florida largemouth, green bass, line sides, Oswego bass, southern largemouth and northern largemouth.
Click to enlarge an image
Raw Data Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Author: World Trade Press