Nebraska State Flower
Goldenrod (common name)
Soldiago gigantea (scientific name)
Goldenrod became the Nebraska state flower in 1895 with little controversy and has been a state emblem ever since. The variety named in the law is Soldiago serotina, now known as Solidago gigantea. Goldenrod is a common weed or wildflower all over the U.S., but it’s particularly visible in Nebraska’s woodland clearings, near roadsides and railroad tracks, and the state’s many open fields. It was also chosen because it’s a tough, long-season plant, and as such represented the hardy pioneers who settled the state.
The bright yellow flowers bloom in mid to late summer, appearing as long, narrow clusters of fine petals atop the plant’s tall stems. The flower bracts usually look fluffy or fuzzy. Goldenrod plants generally grow as clumps of upright stems with many evenly spaced, long, narrow, and smooth leaves with serrated edges that grow right out of the main stem. Leaf size tends to be quite uniform. Stems are straight and green but may also have a grayish tint. Plants die back in the fall.
Goldenrod is pollinated by a wide variety of insects such as the soldier beetle, and spreads primarily through its small brown seeds. Flowers leave grayish fluff behind. This catches the wind and spreads the seeds. Goldenrod also spreads through rhizomes, or underground stems.
Plant: Upright with narrow, pointed leaves
Mature Height: 1–7 ft (.3–2 m)
Flowering: July to October
Flowers: 10–17 very small .1 in (.3 cm) rays clustered in long rows at the ends of stems
Flower Color: Yellow
Leaves: Narrow, pointed, about 3 in (7.6 cm) long with a finely serrated edge
Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
Location: Any moist, sunny area
Range: Throughout the U.S. and Canada
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|Author: World Trade Press|